A healthy lifestyle leads to a better living being and it descends to the next generation; age is not the only factor that influences conception. There are some other factors of interest, some of which can be modified with lifestyle, denying treatments because of inadequate lifestyle factors is ethically debatable but making efforts to modify them is wise. The most relevant arguments include obesity, diet, smoking, and the frequency of sexual intercourse.
IFemale BMI has been associated with time to conception, miscarriages as well as poor obstetric outcomes. Obesity is associated with infertility and a lower pregnancy rate. In men, obesity is associated with lower sperm count and motility. Weight loss has been shown to improve semen parameters.
Hormones & Reproductive System:
High levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) in a woman`s blood could reduce the chances of getting pregnant. Abnormal levels of estradiol, an important form of estrogen, can decreases the chances of pregnancy. Insufficient levels of luteinizing hormone (LH), which stimulates the ovaries to release an egg and start producing progesterone, can also be a cause of fertility problems. Normal levels of progesterone, which prepares the uterus for a fertilized egg`s arrival, must be present for a woman to get pregnant. PCOS (Polycystic ovarian syndrome) occurrence is due to imbalance in the reproductive hormones.
Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid. It plays a key role in the development of male reproductive tissues such as testes and prostate. Low testosterone can affect a man in achieving pregnancy.
Associations have been described between outdoor air pollution and altered semen quality, with most studies describing at least one affected semen parameter. Recent review evaluating semen from men exposed to air pollution demonstrated higher rates of epigenetic changes and sperm DNA damage. The effect of water pollution on semen parameters is currently unknown.
Long working hours, poor work-life balance, ergonomics, stress eventually affect the reproductive health
Personal habits like smoking, alcohol drinking, and drug intake will affect fertility very badly. Recreational activities (hobbies,) self-healing by rituals & beliefs, emotional integrity to handling stress, good interpersonal relation with co-workers & others will enhance the positivity in personnel life.
Lack of sleep decreases libido, hence affects fertility. Sound sleep rejuvenates the body every day and makes you healthy.
Food habits & Exercise:
“Food is the most abusive drug and exercise is the most underutilized medicine”
Researchers found that eating fast food regularly was linked to a two-fold increase in the risk of infertility.
The best fertility-boosting foods are:
Vegetarian foods with iron include all types of beans, lentils, spinach, fortified cereals, long-grain enriched rice, whole grains, walnuts, and sunflower seeds.
Salmon is one of the most popular super foods as it provides a lot of health benefits.
Eggs are packed with vitamin B, which is important for fertility.
Exercise/physical activity: Exercise/being active can boost your fertility (the ability to get pregnant). Women who do regular, moderate exercise get pregnant quicker than women who don’t exercise regularly.
In men exercise helps to increase testosterone and it will promote healthy sperm production. A sedentary lifestyle is the main culprit to health, it increases stress in individuals and affects fertility too.
Yoga & Meditation: Yoga is a wonderful way to prepare the body for pregnancy. It helps in reducing stress, balancing hormones, and overall health of the individual.
Yoga Poses That Help Fertility
Bee Breath (Bhramari Pranayama)
Seated Forward Fold (Paschimottanasana)
Reclining Bound Angle (Supta Baddha Konasana)
Shoulder Stand (Sarvangasana)
Legs up The Wall (Viparita Karani)
Cobra Pose (Bhujangasana)
Supported Bridge Pose (Setu Bandhasana)
Meditation: Positive thinking can be a very powerful tool when it comes to improving your chances of conception. Stress and anger, however, can have a counterproductive effect on pregnancy, so it’s in your best interest to relieve yourself of these emotions.
Reproductive Health: Frequency Of Sexual Intercourse – It’s best to play it safe and stick to every other day. Your fertile window is five days before the start of ovulation. If you have sex every other day during this window, you have a 25% chance of getting pregnant. If you have sex every day during this period, your chances go down just slightly to 22%. The best time to get pregnant, if you have sex within a day or so of ovulation (releasing an egg from the ovary). This is usually about 14 days after the first day of your last period if your cycle is around 28 days long. An egg lives for about 12-24 hours after being released.
Conclusion: Diagnosis and management of infertility pose several practical challenges. They should be tackled rationally and pragmatically. Rational interpretation and increased emphasis on addressing lifestyle factors and a more patient-centered approach can address the compliance issues. Understanding our lifestyle and rearranging lifestyle factors can improve fertility.
SUMMARY OF LIFESTYLE IN INFERTILITY:
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